During my course of BDS, I have noticed that people do not really know about it. People see it as an option if they are not able to secure a seat in MBBS. No one ever thought to take BDS. So, I will give you the basic information in this blog like, What it is? What are the criteria for admissions, fee structure?

BDS is a bachelor of dental surgery

It is an undergraduate degree of 5 years.
Which includes four years of theory and practical work while last year is of the internship.

The first two years consist of only theoretical and practical work. While 3rd and final year totally consists of clinics. That means you will start doing patients in different departments.

1 year of paid internship is compulsory and a part of the curriculum is done on a rotational basis. This means the students will be required to take 2-3 rotations in different departments. There are a total of 8 departments in BDS. To know more about each department read my next blog.

BDS course is to make a career in dentistry and dental science. 

After the BDS course, students mostly follow the traditional option of becoming a general dentist in a hospital or a clinic or study MDS (Master of Dental Surgery) for better career opportunities. In next blog, I will discuss the career options after completing BDS.

BDS is the approved and recognized professional dental course in India. It is an undergraduate degree of 5 years which trains students to enter the noble profession of dental science and surgery.

I would say if you are good at craftwork than it is good to follow this profession. Because there is a lot of practical work you have to do throughout your entire life.

What’s good about this degree is that you are dealing with patients in your graduation itself. This makes you familiar with every kind of situation you will deal with in the future. Also, by doing under graduation course you can independently open your clinic and work on patients.


Currently, there are more than 300 dental colleges in India with around 26,000 seats, in both government and private universities. The average annual fee to pursue BDS is around INR 1 Lakh to 8 Lakhs. BDS course fees in private colleges can be up to INR 30-35 Lakhs, and BDS course fees in government colleges are around INR 1-5 Lakhs.

During the internship period, the average monthly stipend can be from INR 15,000-INR 40,000 depending upon the college. After getting good experience, the average BDS salary is around INR 4-10 LPA as a dentist in government and private hospitals, or by opening their own clinic. 

Dental Council of India regulates the BDS course, therefore it is important to register yourself to be able to practice after completion of your study.

BDS Admission Process

BDS Admission takes place through the NEET exam. It has been made compulsory from 2016 onwards for admission into MBBS, BDS, and other medical courses. 

NEET – National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is a national level exam for admission in undergraduate medical courses like MBBS, BDS, BHMS, and BAMS. BDS admission is done through NEET only, even in recognized/approved private dental colleges. Therefore, it is very important to give the NEET exam for BDS admission.

Students should have secured at least 50% in their Class XII with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as compulsory subjects. 

Dentists status in India

According to WHO Health Index, only 1 dentist is required for every 7500 people. But in India, the ratio is 1:5000 which means that there are more dentists in India than the required number.

But the problem is, most dentists are situated or practice in urban areas rather than rural areas. If dentists are advised or sent to rural areas, then this problem can be resolved. There can be an equal distribution across India.

This will also result in more job opportunities and there will be an equal distribution of employment in the government sector as well. Hopefully, there will be a better employment rate in the dentist community in the coming years.

Because of this, the majority of students prefer going to other countries because of the huge requirement and the salary range is quite higher there for dentists as compared to India. So, they practice there for a few years and after saving money they come to India and open their clinic. Some also settle down there permanently.

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